Thursday, January 31, 2013

Booker T. Washington

1. What was the name of the school that Booker T. Washington started?
Tuskegee Institute

2. Whom did Booker T. Washington recruit to head the agriculture department at Tuskegee Institute?
George Washington Carver

3. Booker T. Washington's autobiography is entitled:
Up From Slavery

4. What president did Booker T. Washington dine with?
Teddy Roosevelt

5. With whom did Booker T. Washington often come into conflict?
W.E.B. Du Bois

Thursday, January 24, 2013

Midterm Question and Answers

1. What were the reason(s) for the Three-Fifths Compromise?
One major issue that delegates faced was giving fair representation to both large and small states. Each state would have equal representation in the Senate. The size of the population of each state would determine the numbers in the House of Representatives. The great compromise set up one issue that led conflict to another. Southerners whose states had a large number of slaves included in the population count that determined the number of people in the House. The Northern states did not want this since they had very few slaves. Not counting slaves gave Northerners more representatives than the the Southerners. The delegates eventually agreed to the Three-Fifths Compromise, which called for three-fifths of a state's slaves to be counted as part of the population.
key terms: slaves, population, representation, Northern states, Southern states

2. What were the three major factors that contributed to the immense technological boom that took place in the United States after the Civil War? Explain how any ONE of these factors helped to bring about this technological boom.
The three major factors that contributed to the immense technological boom that took place in the United States after the Civil War were abundant natural resources, government support for businesses, and growth of the urban population. The growing urban population exponentially helped build up the technological boom since it caused people to make inventions such as the telephone. The telephone helped bring better communication by opening a worldwide communications network.

3. Explain and give an example of an immigration “push factor” and an ethnic group that experienced it. Additionally, explain and give an example of a “pull factor” that made the U.S. attractive to immigrants.
An immigration push factor involves immigrants to be driven away from their country and the pull factor is what draws them to a new place which is the location they actually decide to live in. The pull factor is what brought some Chinese immigrants like Fong to California which was to achieve what is to be known as the "American dream". The push factor was experienced by Jews and other Europeans like Italians and Austria-Hungary . Few were left out of there country to escape religious persecution. Some left due to the rise of population which resulted in scarcity for land jobs. Farmers competed with laborers for jobs. Influenced by the thought of the supposed many jobs the U.S. had to offer they sought out to independent lives in America.

4. Why, at the turn of the century, were white Southerners able to get away with discrimination against African-Americans, despite all the laws and amendments that were passed during Reconstruction? Give at least three reasons.
During the 1870's and 80's, the Supreme Court failed to overturn the poll tax or grandfather clause, even though the laws undetermined all federal protections for African Americans' civil rights. Also the racial segregation law, Jim Crow Law, separated the white and black people from public and private facilities. The Court held that the Civil Rights Act of 1875 was unconstitutional and ruled that the Fourteenth Amendment did not prohibit individuals and private organizations from discriminating on the basis of race. However, it was the Supreme Court's decision in Plessy v. Ferguson that led the way to racial segregation. The decision established the doctrine for blacks and whites as long as they provided equal services. it was the Supreme Courts decision in 1954 in Brown v. Board of Education that overturned the Court's decision in Plessy. It held that separate schools were unequal and its ruling helped dismantle racial segregation.

5. Choose one of the following reform movements: prohibition, suffrage, or government. Explain the goals of the movement; identify the people and groups involved in it; identify some of its successes.
After the Seneca Falls convention of 1848 , women split over the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments, Which granted equal rights including the right to vote to African American men, but excluded women. Susan B. Anthony was a leading proponent of woman suffrage, the right to vote. In 1869 Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton had founded the NWSA, which united with another group becoming the NAWSA. They achieved a victory in Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, and Idaho that had granted voting rights to women. Later however, Women's reform efforts paid off in improvements in the treatment of workers and And safer food and drug products.

Wednesday, January 23, 2013

China and WWI

1. Which country's interest did the Open Door Policy in China favor?
The United States

2. What were the reasons behind the Boxer Rebellion?
The Chinese people were mad by the fact that foreigners were coming into their country taking over. They were mad and started the Boxer Rebellion which consisted of Boxers who wanted them out of their country.

3. List three causes of World War I?
Nationalism: a devotion to the interests and culture of one's nation
Imperialism: building empires
Militarism: the development of armed forces and their use as a tool to achieve goals
Formation of a System of Alliances: countries backing-up other countries, like a gang mentality; the Allies, consisted of France, Britain, and Russia; Central Powers consisted of German and Austria-Hungary

4. How did the U.S. deal with German U-boats?
The U.S. countered German U-boats attacks by having American ships sail in groups, guarded by military vessels.

5. What was the Selective Service Act used for?
The Selective Service Act was used to ensure the governments need for more fighting power.

6. What new weapons did WWI introduce?
The tank and airplane were the new weapons that were introduced in WWI.

7. How did the Espionage and Sedition Act affect Freedom of Speech and Labor Unions?
The Espionage and Sedition Act affected Freedom of Speech and Labor Unions because of the fact that a person could be fined up to $10,000 and sentenced to 20 years in jail for interfering with the war effort or for saying anything disloyal, profane, or abusive about the government or the war effort.

8. Why was there opposition to President Wilson's League of Nations?
There were oppositions to President Wilson's League o Nations because opponents to the League felt that the organization threatened the U.S. foreign policy of isolationism.

Tuesday, January 22, 2013

American Imperialism after Spanish-American War

a. How did the U.S. change Cuba's Constitution?
The United States changed Cuba's Constitution by adding the Platt Amendment which stated:
•Cuba could not make treaties that might limit its independence or permit a foreign power to control any part of its territory
•the United States reserved the right to intervene in Cuba
•Cuba was not to go into debt
•the United States could buy or lease land on the island for naval stations and refueling stations

b. What did the Roosevelt Corollary build on?
The Roosevelt Corollary was built upon the Monroe Doctrine.

c. Pancho Villa was pursued by whom?
Pancho Villa was pursued by General Pershing.

d. How did the U.S. get the land for the Panama Canal?
After Panama declared its independence from Columbia, the United States was able to come fifteen days later and buy Panama.

e. What is meant by "speak softly and carry a big stick"?
"Speak softly and carry a big stick," meant that their negotiations were always backed by the threat of military force.

Friday, January 18, 2013

Spanish-American War

a. Why did Jose Marti destroy U.S. property?

b. Who did the de LOme letter criricize? What were the consequences? How did this private letter become public?
A Cuban rebel had stolen the letter from a Havana post office and gave it to the New York Journal, which was a scandalous newspaper company. In the letter de LOme critized the president calling him a weak and a bidder for admiration of the crowd. When everyone found out about his letter he appoligized and resigned.

c. Who was the "winner" of the Spanish-American War, and what were the winnings?
America beat the Spanish in the war and won Philippines, Guam in the Pacific, and Puerto Rico in the West Indies.

d. How was the Spanish-American War connected with American Imperialism?

e. How was the war started? Was it proper
 The letter started

Tuesday, January 15, 2013

Education has Changed. A little or A Lot?

What examples of your years as a student today are different from a student's from the early 1900's? What's still the same?

Discrimination has lessened towards African Americans. We're still talked down upon but more of attend high school then in the 1900's. Nowadays most tend public high schools instead of private ones but back then it was flipped where as to African Americans went to private schools instead of public schools.

Back in the day,
When kids rarely played.
They had to go school,
But it was just too cruel!
One child hid in a warehouse basement,

Friday, January 11, 2013

Unit Exam Study Guide

Imigrants in the 1870's arrived via what mode of transportation?

What technology most allowed factories aloowed factories to locate away fro the river?

The #1 strategy that made Andrew Carnegie wealthy was to be cheaper than his competitors. True or False?

The main imiigration processing station in San Fransico was called...
Angel Island

Tammany Hall was a famous: immigration processing station, NYC political machine, or Chicago business?
NYC political machine

What law was enacted to decrese Chinese immigration to U.S.?
Chinese Exclusion Act

These people were used to break up labor strikes by working for less money.

What would best reduce monopolies and trusts? Consiliidation, competition, or corruption.

The main purpose of Americanization movement was to...
Assimilate immigrants into the dominate "American Culture"

New immigration move here because it was cheap and lots of jobs

The Sherman Antitrust Act was created to do what?
Outlaw trusts and monopolies that interferred with competition

Settlement houses helped new immigrants assimilate. who made these houses: reformers, politicians, workers

This industrialist made vertical and horizontal integration famous...
Andrew Carnegie

The smaller men in the room are..
United States Senators

Many rich people believed they worked hard, were smarter, and God selected them is called...
Social Darwinism

This new metal allowed the U.S. to make skycrapers and new forms of constructions?

An old apartment usually occupied by poor people was called a...

Upton Sinclair wrote his book on what industry...
Meatpacking industry, meat, slaughterhouse

The Trinagle Shirtwaist Factory was infamous for what?
A shameful fire that killed 146 women

Upton Sinclair's book The Jungle was resonsible for this law...
Meat Inspection Act

Patronage is: a bribe, not doing what you say, putting a friend into a job
Putting a friend into a job

The illegal use of political power for personal gain is: nativism, graft, social darwinism

Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) was organized by...
Radical unionists, socialists

The Gentlemen's Agreement did what?
decreased Japanese immigration and/or desegregated SF classrooms

The company Credit Mobiler was famous for what?
Steal/take money from railroads for shareholders

Which industry would most benefit by standardized time zones: telegraph, railroad, construction.
Railroads to help train travelers

The Sherman Antitrust Act was created to do what?
Outlaw trusts and monopolies that interfered with competition.

Thursday, January 10, 2013

Coming to the United States

How much time was the trip from Europe and Asia, and how would YOU have liked it?
The trip across the Atlantic Ocean from Europe took approximately one week while crossing the Pacific Ocean to get to Asia took nearly 3 weeks. I would not have liked being an immigrant coming to Asian not just due to the lengthy trips but also how they were kept in the gloom crowded with many other immigrants with no way of exercise or fresh air being in the glooms they had to sleep close building sweat and having to sleep in louse-infested bunks while sharing toilets with one another. With those conditions many died and were not able to even make it to the United States. I could of been one of those people that died too..

What are the names of the main immigration processing stations in San Francisco & New York? Describe the immigrant’s experience at each.
There were two main immigration processing stations. One in San Francisco Bay called Angel Island, and the other that was at Castle Garden in New York, which was later moved to New Harbor named Ellis Island. At Ellis Island the whole ordeal might have taken 5 hours or more. They had to pass a physical exam making sure they had no disease. Those who passed would report to a government inspector checking whether they met the legal requirements: Never being convicted of a felony, showing they could work, and that they had some money which was at least $25  after 1909. At Angel Island the concept of the processing was alike. The immigrants had just endured harsher questioning and had to wait in filthy detention facilities while they waited for there acceptance.

How did Denis Kearney try to stop Asian people from entering California in 1882? Why did he do this, and how would you feel if you were Chinese?
Denis Kearney tried to stop Asian people from entering California by asking or the passage of the Chinese Exclusion Act since the Chinese were taking most jobs accepting low wages. If I happened to be Chinese I would be mad especially since I had came to California for a better life.

In 1907-08 the Gentlemen’s Agreement did two things. What were they?
The Gentleman's Agreement limited emigration of unskilled workers to the U. S. in exchange for the repeal of the San Fransisco segregation order.

Tuesday, January 8, 2013

The Meat Inspection

Eating unheathly food produced by factories
Ate diesase infested food
There were requirements for meatpackers after the act.

Nauseating working
Sinclair wrote on the accounts of the meat factory conditions in The Jungle
President Roosevelt promised to fix conditions if proven true
Enviorment was unhealthy
Commission experts investigated the allegations made by Sinclair
The goverment had to pay for inspectors to insure there were healthy conditions due to the act
In office, Roosevelt  pushed the passage for The Meat Inspection Act when accounts were true
Outstandingly, the compromise won it's passage
Never the factories will the factories be disgusting again.

The Jungle
Essential Question 
Everyone including President Theodore Roosevelt was nauseated by Sinclair's accounts of the factories. He described the conditions in his book The Jungle which was a research novel made in 1904. The president had promised that if the accounts were true he would put in some action. Since the allegations he made were indeed true, the president responded by pushing for passage of the Meat Inspection Act that was eventually passed. Sinclair writing The Jungle made him a progressive since he wrote the book for change.