Friday, December 21, 2012

The New American Immigrants

Want to take the quiz too? Well click this link

1. Which was NOT a reason why native-born Americans encouraged Americanization?
B. Native-born Americans wanted the immigrants to practice their customs 

2. What were cities most like for the new immigrants coming to America?
 C. Immigrants would most likely have had to dodge horse manure 

3. What would best describe the cities to a new immigrant?
A. Pocketpickets and thieves were plenty 

4. Why did immigrants move to the cities in the first place?
D. A & B only 

5. People moved from the farms to the cities because?
B. Farming technology improved

Thursday, December 20, 2012

Labor Unions Emerging

Based upon what I have read, labor unions were good for the workers, but bad for the employers because workers fought for their rights, while employers lost money to pay the workers more. The Triangle Trade was a sweatshop in which 146 seamstresses died because of a fire that engulfed everything on the upper floors because of all the flammable products that occupied the space. These fires could have been prevented by having a sprinkler system, and left the emergency doors open. Monopolists did not want unions because because they would lose money. The union workers fought for a better pay, so the monopolists had to give them more money. Therefore, monopolists hired scabs: people who were willing to be paid less to work. Unionized workers did not like scabs because scabs took the workers jobs and defeated the purpose of the union going on strike. Many factory and sweatshop owners did not like the vision of unions like the IWW because they felt that those types of organizations would overpower the capitalist system. That would mean the rich would be treated the same as the poor if organizations like the IWW would have enough power over their employers.

Friday, December 14, 2012

Hopelessly Bound to the Stake

The three pieces of information I chose that supported the cartoon were how Laborers
were forced to work fourteen to sixteen hour work days in order to fulfill their expecations of there boss, they worked in unsafe
conditions with people possibly dying and getting hurt, and they were payed very very little even though worked in such dangerous places. These made labor unions necessary becuase due to the bad treatment, the unions got together to fight for better treatment as in working conditions. They also workwed to get higher wagers and shortewr working days. The goverment helped make monopolies since the industralist were the ones that brought them money and helped them make the laws. The money in poltics contributed to freedom of speech and this cartoon on how monopolist controlled workers out workering them.

Tuesday, December 11, 2012

Are the Old Bosses Still in Charge?

The rise of industry and monopolies had three main causes. The growth was a cause that was due to wealth people had with their natural resources. The second cause was how the government supported bussiness especially when companies gave them money. Like when the Sherman Antitrust Act was made companies went straight to the government giving them money and telling them what they wanted so that the law was weak giving them away to do whatever they wanted. The third cause was the growing population which enabled them to make more money since more things were needed. With the growing population everything was made and done cheaper but were put on the markets expensive. Trusts and monopolies during America’s early industrial age allowed the workers to do things unsafely so they wouldn’t have to spend more money making things safer in the refinery’s.

Thursday, November 29, 2012


Done with a paper and pen
Til' the telephone

My Haiku basically tells the same thing as my picture. It discuss on how then usually communicated with others, other than talking. when we did we usually ended up using pen and paper. After that we started another of communication which was through the telephone.

Thursday, November 15, 2012

Major Events before the Civil War

     Around 1858, the United States was divided geographically; North and South. The North and the South were different in ways such as based on there many religious, geographic, climatic, culture and, economic ways. The North was industrialized while the South was still dependent on agriculture and slave labor.
     Back then, the country was so divided (North and South) by the issue of slavery. California when becoming a new state had to make a deal which was the Compromise of 1850. The Compromise was what allowed for new states to decide on their own if they wanted slavery, or not, through voting, or popular
sovereignty. Which than after had the South make a fugitive slave law, meaning slaves who escaped to
the North had to be returned to their masters.
     Around this time, many southern states were seriously considering leaving the union, which was another word for United States. This is what they had called secession too.
     Many people from the North hated slavery. Due to that many of them tried to help them, they were called abolitionists. They hated it so much they hid slaves in this little series of houses along to the route of Canada. They did this in order for them to be free. The route they went on soon became known as the Underground Railroad.
     When Uncle Tom's Cabin was published, the North and the South both reacted to it similarly. The book was written by Harriet Beecher Stowe telling the story of how slaves were taken to “slave markets” to be sold. It angered Northerners abolitionists, since they were the ones who were against slavery to begin with. The Southerners thought the book was a insult because it criticized their way of life.
     Two politicians became famous because of their slavery debates. Those two politicians were Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas. Lincoln and Douglas were men who were both against slavery. What made them different was Stephen thought that popular sovereignty  people voting on what they want. While on the otherhand, Lincoln was a man who wanted to get rid of slavery completely no matter what anyone said because of how he believed slavery was against a person’s natural rights.
     On December 20, 1860, the Southern slave state's secession from the union was due to the election of Abraham Lincoln. The South had saw it as the last straw them. After Lincoln’s election, the first state to secede was South Carolina, followed by the others.

Thursday, November 8, 2012

Diary Entry #7

Dear Diary,
    It is December 4th, 1819 and here I am as my ghost telling you on how I feel about my 344 years of living. I always like to end things on a good and exciting note which is exactly what I did. I died in the arms of my new boyfriend, Nate. You may wonder how exactly I died... Well it was due to a forest fire that started a little past my town. It was a nice beautiful forest where he took me out to so that he could pronounce his love to me, which he got to. I am kind of sad that I ended things on a bad note with father since I disobeyed him by coming out to be with Nate. But in my eyes everything balances out and I know father loves me no matter what especially since I am gone. Now I will be watching over him and the town which I believe will improve over time. I believe that in about 200 years the land will be even more beautiful now because the fire will make them farm greatly. I will miss everyone and everything I've done. Bye diary this is my finally entry to you...

Wednesday, November 7, 2012

Post Election Analysis

Marijuana Legalization in Colorado and Washington

1. Cite examples of "Supreme Law of the Land"
"[The feds] will do whatever they can to interfere with marijuana legalization in any state," Miron said on Tuesday, before the initiatives passed.

2. Cite examples of "federal vs. state authority"

"Marijuana is still illegal in the eyes of the federal government, which overrules states' rights."
3.What was the "compromise" that helped to pass the referendum in Washington? How do you think this compromise would affect demand for the product?
     The "compromise" that helped to pass the referendum in Washington is to propose a heavy tax for marijuana. I think this compromise would affect the demand for the product because there might be less people buying marijuana due to high price with a high tax.

4. Why was Oregon's referendum not passed?

     Oregon's referendum was not passed because most of the regulating power would have been handed to the marijuana industry to the growers instead of independent overseers.

Obama Victory Tweet

1. What audience do you think social media was targeted to? Explain.
     I believe the audience was targeted to those voters who are around the ages 18 to 35 since those are the most common people who use social networks such as Twitter and Facebook.

2. Which candidate was most effective using social media? Explain.
     Obama was the most effective usuing social media because you can tell by how many re-tweets he got on twitter and likes on his and Mrs. Obama's photo on Facebook. Plus he had won the election which made a great help and difference to who became our next president.

3. According to Jeffrey Hermes, taking a picture of your marked ballot can be used to pressure people standing in line to vote. Do you agree or disagree, and why?
     I disagree because it's just a picture and that's their vote and choice and has nothing to do with you and your opinions.

Monday, November 5, 2012

Immigration/Industrialization Key Terms

Jamie Johnson

A. Progressive Era/Movement -a period during the 1890s to the 1920s where the people had a main goal of purifying the government since it was a time of social Activism and political reform.

B. Muckraker -someone who writes corrupt things about the goverment for popular magazines.

C. Social Gospel- a Protestant Christian movement during the early 20th century where they focused on social justice issues.

D. Social Darwinism- a belief that was used to tell social policies due to the quote, "survival of the fittest".

E. Americanization- when an immigrant comes to the United States and becomes like a born and raised American having the same values for example.

F. Nativist/Nativism- having more interest in permanent residents than immigrants.

G. Europe (Eastern & Southern)- include the countries Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Italy, Greece, Spain, and Portugal.

H. Political Machine- a group of people who have a powerful boss that they help to campaign and help him win the election.

I. Andrew Carnegie- an industrialist who expanded the steel industry in the 1900s.

J. Horizontal/Vertical Integrationa description for the control in business over management that promotes things like profits, growth, efficiency, and monopolies.

K. Urban- affected by the population and human landmarks in regards to the areas surrounding it.

L. Upton Sinclair- A candidate for California governor that was an author who wrote up to 100 books, one of them being The Jungle.

M. Meat Inspection Act- a law that helps ensure that meat is prepared a sanitary way by preventing mislabeled meat products from being sold as is.

N. Trust/Monopoly- Companies that are not allowed by law own the entire business; Owners that do not go by the law meet with other companies to eliminate some competition and form prices.

O. Graft- Corruption in the political field that can be defined as a bribe so the politician can gain authority.

P. Hull Houses (Settlement Houses)- Important improvement institutions that were around in the late 19th century and early 20th centuries. One example is Chicago's Hull House.

Q. Jane Addams- A woman who studied the development of human society, was a pioneer settlement worker, important figure and leader of women's right to vote, and established the Hull House in Chicago.

R. Cesar Chavez- A leader of social justice, an American farm worker, co-founded with Dolores Huerta to establish the National Farm Workers Association, or the United Farm Workers.

S. Immigration Act of 1965- eliminated the quotas that restricted immigration and focused on the families of immigrants. There are many restrictions on visas to 170,000 per year, per country. 

T. Immigration- An act of moving to a country that one was not born in.

U. Alexander Graham Bell- A Scientist, inventor, and engineer that thought of new ideas and created the telephone.

V. George Eastman- A businessman, man who thought of new ideas, and founded a company for taking photos, thus making photography a new trend.

W. Thomas Edison- An inventor of many devices that influenced other devices around the world. Some examples are: phonograph, motion picture camera, and the light bulb.

X. Henry Bessemer- Engineer, inventor, and businessman from England that made the process for making steel easier.

Y. Reform- To improve or amend something that does not fit the standards.

Wednesday, October 24, 2012

Diary Entry #6

Dear Diary,
     My name is Kristine Martinez and it is September 25, 1789. I'm finally home in our cozy little house. Today was a pretty humid day, especially since we were all packed in the hall today discussing the issues of the constitution. Well not really me, but people like my father who is an Anti-Federalist, I just had to tag along with him. You see the constitution was written not to long ago by Thomas Jefferson due to the various colonies/states coming together. These colonies/states were Virginia, Georgia, Massachusetts, New colonies/states were Virginia, Georgia, Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Delaware, Pennsylvania, North and South Carolina, Rhode Island, and Maryland. As they started coming together as a country, its leaders knew they needed some laws that would guarantee freedom, support peoples individual rights, and other things. Most of what I'm telling you is from what I hear my dad and the others speak of at these meetings. Well the creation of the constitution led to some delegates being unhappy with it. The people divided into 2 groups, the Federalist and Anti-Federalist which is what my father is. The Federalist liked the idea of how it gave too much power to the national government at the expense of the state governments. My father and other people who were Anti-Federalist on the
other hand didn't and wanted individual rights. He and the others demanded the Bill of Rights in exchange for their support and passage of the constitution since the Federalist needed ratification by us and other states. To achieve this, the Federalists agreed that once Congress met, it would draft a bill of rights.I found all of this kind of exciting since we ended up getting what we wanted and I was just so proud of my father. The entire family made a dinner to celebrate, and durng dinner my father told me about the other upcoming states that were to be added to the original colonies: Vermont, Kentucky, Tennesse, Ohio, Lousianna, Indiana, Mississippi, Illinois, and Alabama.So I'm ending this on a very happy note. Bye Diary! Hopefully I will be able to talk to you soon but for now, farewell....